Do not eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land

The Literal Commandment

Now every swarming thing that swarms on the earth is detestable, not to be eaten." (Leviticus 11:41)

 

The literal commandment is that we are not to eat the "swarming thing that swarms on the earth".

 

Messiah Says

Messiah implicitly affirmed this commandment when He spoke about the Law:

"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:17-19)

 

Some have asked about Mark 7:19. Messiah was speaking of ritual impurity resulting from eating bread with unwashed hands. We recommend this detailed study of that passage if you have additional questions.

 

Pictures of Messiah

G-d created the heaven, the earth, the sea and everything that is in them. (Psalm 146:6) He did so with an intended structure and order. Part of that intended order was that certain creatures were made for food and others were not. This was recognized from the beginning even as early as Noah's time. He recognized the difference between clean and unclean animals. (Genesis 7:2-9).

In a similar manner, there is a certain individual in G-d's order who would save the world from sin: the Messiah Yeshua. There is no other person intended for that purpose. Attempting to find salvation in anyone (or anything) else is akin to eating an insect not intended for food or intending to marry your sister: G-d says 'no'.

 

How Messiah Fulfilled

We know that Messiah did not sin (Hebrews 4:15) and so we know Messiah fulfilled this commandment by not eating non-kosher swarming things.

 

Traditional Observance

Traditional observance of this commandment is found in its literal sense: not eating non-kosher swarming things that crawl on land. The signs that indicate which insects are kosher or not are found in Leviticus 21 and additional details are found in Leviticus 11:42.

 

Other Notes

We are able to fulfill this commandment today and should not eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land.

 

This does not mean, however, that non-Jewish believers are required to take on all the traditional Jewish stringencies of this commandment.

 

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Commandment Details

  • Mishneh Torah # 184
  • Mishneh Torah Book # 5
  • Mishneh Torah Book Holiness
  • Mishneh Torah Category 26- Forbidden Foods
  • Reference Leviticus 11:41
  • Scripture Book Leviticus
  • Chapter 11
  • Verse 41
  • English Now every swarming thing that swarms on the earth is detestable, not to be eaten.
  • Hebrew מא וְכָל-הַשֶּׁרֶץ, הַשֹּׁרֵץ עַל-הָאָרֶץ--שֶׁקֶץ הוּא, לֹא יֵאָכֵל.
  • Greek 41 Καὶ πᾶν ἑρπετόν, ὃ ἕρπει ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, βδέλυγμα τοῦτο ἔσται ὑμῖν, οὐ βρωθήσεται.
  • Parashah 26- Shemini
  • Positive/Negative Negative
  • Sefer Hachinuch # 162
  • Sef. Hach. Command The prohibition against eating creatures that swarm on the earth
  • Category Food
  • We can fullfill today Yes

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