The Literal Commandment
When the LORD your God brings you into the land where you are entering to possess it, and clears away many nations before you, the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and stronger than you, and when the LORD your God delivers them before you and you defeat them, then you shall utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them and show no favor to them. (Deuteronomy 7:1-2)
The literal commandment is that we should utterly destroy the seven nations that were present in the Land before the Israelites entered during the time of Joshua.
This commandment sets forth some specific details:
- Time: "when the LORD your G-d brings you into the land"... "and you defeat them"
- Place: "the land where you are entering to possess it"
- People: the seven nations- "the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites", etc
The implication is clear: do not let the idolaters dwell in the Land of Israel.