Rest on the Feast of Tabernacles

The Literal Commandment

On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work of any kind. (Leviticus 23:24)

 

The literal commandment is that we should do no laborious work of any kind on the fifteenth of the seventh month (the Feast of Booths/Tabernacles- Sukkot).

 

Messiah Says

Messiah implicitly affirmed this commandment when He spoke about the Law:

"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:17-19)

 

Pictures of Messiah

This commandment to "rest" provides a picture of resting and ceasing from our labors while G-d performs His work of salvation: His initial work of physical salvation for the Jews from Egypt (Exodus 14:13) and His final work of spiritual salvation for all who are His in the work of Messiah (Hebrews 4:10).

The specific "work" of G-d tied to the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) is two-fold:

First: G-d will dwell/tabernacle among us (Exodus 29:45, Ezekiel 43:7, Matthew 1:23)

Second: the thousand-year reign of Messiah (Revelation 20:4)

 

How Messiah Fulfilled

Messiah fulfilled this commandment by resting on the fifteenth day of the seventh month (the Feast of Booths/Tabernacles).

 

Traditional Observance

The traditional observance of this commandment involves abstaining from the forms of work which are traditionally prohibited on the weekly Sabbath. There is no indication that naps or other forms of sleep or rest are required.

This "fifteenth day of the seventh month" is observed as the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot). On this day Israel begins dwelling in "booths" (sukkot) in observance of other commandments related to this festival.

 

Other Notes

We are able to fulfill this commandment and should rest on the Feast of Booths/Tabernacles(Sukkot).

 

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Commandment Details

  • Mishneh Torah # 104
  • Mishneh Torah Book # 3
  • Mishneh Torah Book Times
  • Mishneh Torah Category 14- Rest on Holidays
  • Reference Leviticus 23:35
  • Scripture Book Leviticus
  • Chapter 23
  • Verse 35
  • English On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work of any kind.
  • Hebrew לה בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן, מִקְרָא-קֹדֶשׁ; כָּל-מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה, לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ.
  • Greek 35 καὶ ἡ ἡμέρα ἡ πρώτη κλητὴ ἁγία, πᾶν ἔργον λατρευτὸν οὐ ποιήσετε.
  • Parashah 31- Emor
  • Positive/Negative Positive
  • Sefer Hachinuch # 318
  • Sef. Hach. Command The precept of resting from work on the first day of Sukkot
  • Category Appointed Times
  • We can fullfill today Yes

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