Do not do prohibited labor on the Feast of Weeks

The Literal Commandment

On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations. (Leviticus 23:21)

 

The literal commandment is that we should do no laborious work on the fiftieth day after Passover: the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot).

 

Messiah Says

Messiah implicitly affirmed this commandment when He spoke about the Law:

"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:17-19)

 

Pictures of Messiah

This commandment to "do not do prohibited labor" provides a picture of ceasing from our labors while G-d performs His work of salvation: His initial work of physical salvation for the Jews from Egypt (Exodus 14:13) and His final work of spiritual salvation for all who are His in the work of Messiah (Hebrews 4:10). The specific "work" of G-d tied to the Feast of Weeks is two-fold:

First: the giving of G-d's Holy Law at Mt Sinai.

Second: the giving of G-d's Holy Spirit in Jerusalem.

G-d's work in giving us His Spirit enables us to obey His Law (Ezekiel 11:19-20).

 

How Messiah Fulfilled

Messiah fulfilled this commandment by not doing prohibited labor on the Feast of Weeks.

 

Traditional Observance

The traditional observance of this commandment involves abstaining from the forms of work which are traditionally prohibited on the weekly Sabbath. There is no indication that naps or other forms of sleep or rest are required.

 

Other Notes

We are able to fulfill this commandment and should not do prohibited labor on the Feast of Weeks.

 

This commandment is the negative aspect of positive commandment #100: rest on the Feast of Weeks.

 

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Commandment Details

  • Mishneh Torah # 101
  • Mishneh Torah Book # 3
  • Mishneh Torah Book Times
  • Mishneh Torah Category 14- Rest on Holidays
  • Reference Leviticus 23:21
  • Scripture Book Leviticus
  • Chapter 23
  • Verse 21
  • English On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.
  • Hebrew כא וּקְרָאתֶם בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה, מִקְרָא-קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם--כָּל-מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה, לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ: חֻקַּת עוֹלָם בְּכָל-מוֹשְׁבֹתֵיכֶם, לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם.
  • Greek 21 καὶ καλέσετε ταύτην τὴν ἡμέραν κλητήν· ἁγία ἔσται ὑμῖν, πᾶν ἔργον λατρευτὸν οὐ ποιήσετε ἐν αὐτῇ· νόμιμον αἰώνιον εἰς τὰς γενεὰς ὑμῶν ἐν πάσῃ τῇ κατοικίᾳ ὑμῶν. --
  • Parashah 31- Emor
  • Positive/Negative Negative
  • Sefer Hachinuch # 309
  • Sef. Hach. Command The prohibition against doing work on the Shavuot festival
  • Category Appointed Times
  • We can fullfill today Yes

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