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Moshe ben Maimon was a scholar of Scripture in the 12th century. Commonly known as Maimonides or "the Rambam" (pronounced RAHM bahm), he was the first to document the commandments given in the Bible.

Additional details are available for the commandments that are linked in the list below.

Last modified on 05 February 2019

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This site was created as a service of the Psalm 119 Foundation to share brief studies of the commandments G-d gave to humanity via the Hebrew Bible. These commandments are recorded in Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.  They are reiterated, reinforced, and repeated throughout all of Scripture.

They are G-d's holy Law.

Last modified on 05 December 2016

The 613 Commandments web site is a work in progress.  As we study Scripture, we record our observations about each of the commandments.

Here are the most recently updated articles on the site:

  • Cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth

    "So when any man from the sons of Israel, or from the aliens who sojourn among them, in hunting catches a beast or a bird which may be eaten, he shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth." (Leviticus 17:13)

    The blood of animals caught while hunting shall be poured out and covered with dirt.

    Tags: Food
  • Do not oppress the weak

    "You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt." (Exodus 22:21)

    The literal commandment is that we should not oppress strangers.

    Tags: Love
  • Do not slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day

    "But, whether it is an ox or a sheep, you shall not kill both it and its young in one day." (Leviticus 22:28)

    Tags: Food
  • Ritually slaughter an animal before eating it

    "If the place which the LORD your God chooses to put His name is too far from you, then you may slaughter of your herd and flock which the LORD has given you, as I have commanded you; and you may eat within your gates whatever you desire." (Deuteronomy 12:21)

    Tags: Food
  • Do not drink wine poured in service to idols

    "Who ate the fat of their sacrifices, And drank the wine of their drink offering? Let them rise up and help you, Let them be your hiding place!" (Deuteronomy 32:38)

    Tags: Idolatry
  • Rest on the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles

    "For seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the LORD; it is an assembly. You shall do no laborious work." (Leviticus 23:36) The literal commandment is that we should do no laborious work on the eighth day of the Feast of Booths/Tabernacles (Sukkot).

  • Rest on the Feast of Tabernacles

    "On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work of any kind." (Leviticus 23:24) The literal commandment is that we should do no laborious work of any kind on the fifteenth of the seventh month (the Feast of Booths/Tabernacles- Sukkot).

  • Do not worship idols in the four ways we worship G-d

    "You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments." (Exodus 20:4-6)

    The literal commandment is that we should not worship idols.

    Tags: Idolatry
  • Do not worship idols in the manner they are worshiped

    "You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments." (Exodus 20:4-6) The literal commandment is that we should not serve idols.

    Tags: Idolatry
  • Do not make human forms even for decorative purposes

    "You shall not make other gods besides Me; gods of silver or gods of gold, you shall not make for yourselves." (Exodus 20:23)

    The literal commandment is that we should not make "other gods" (i.e. idols).

    Tags: Idolatry

Last modified on 30 January 2016

"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery." (Exodus 20:2)

In declaring Who He is, G-d expects us to know there is a G-d and it is Him.

Last modified on 10 September 2016

"You shall have no other gods before Me." (Exodus 20:3)

Does this mean that we can have other gods after Him? By no means! We are to recognize no entity as a god aside from Him.

Last modified on 10 September 2016

"Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!" (Deuteronomy 6:4)

The word translated into English as LORD is the special name of G-d which is sometimes transliterated into English as YHVH or YHWH. He is our G-d and He is one G-d.

Last modified on 10 September 2016

"You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might." (Deuteronomy 6:5)

The literal commandment is that we should love G-d with all of our heart, soul, and might.

Last modified on 10 September 2016

"You shall fear the LORD your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and you shall swear by His name." (Deuteronomy 10:20)

The word "fear" in this verse is best understood as "reverent awe".

Last modified on 10 September 2016

"You shall not profane My holy name, but I will be sanctified among the sons of Israel; I am the LORD who sanctifies you, who brought you out from the land of Egypt, to be your God; I am the LORD." (Leviticus 22:32-33)

This is a positive commandment to sanctify G-d's name... to set it apart for sacred use; to consecrate it.

Last modified on 10 September 2016

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